Robert A. Selig

About:

Robert A. Selig is a historical consultant who received his Ph.D. in history from theUniversität Würzburg in Germany in 1988. He published a number of books on the American War of Independence such as Hussars in Lebanon! A Connecticut Town and Lauzun’s Legion during the American Revolution, 1780-1781 (Lebanon, 2004) and a translation of A Treatise on Partisan Warfare by Johann von Ewald. Introduction and Annotation by Robert A. Selig and David Curtis Skaggs (Westport, 1991).

He is a specialist on the role of French forces under the comte de Rochambeau during the American Revolutionary War and serves as project historian to the National Park Service for the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail Project. For this project he researched and wrote surveys and resource inventories for the states of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, the District of Columbia and Virginia through which American and French forces marched in 1781 and 1782. These reports are available on the internet at https://w3r-us.org/history-by-state/

He also served and serves as Project Historian for American Battlefield Protection Program projects such as the “Battle of Princeton”, “Battle of Green Spring and Spencer’s Ordinary”, the “Paoli Massacre”, “Battle of the Clouds”, “Battle of Red Bank”, “Battle of Bennington”, “Battle of Hubbardton” and the “Battle of Brandywine”.

He has been a regular contributor to German Life magazine for over 20 years and has also published more than 100 articles in American and German scholarly and popular history magazines such as the the William and Mary Quarterly, Eighteenth-Century Studies, the Yearbook of the Society for German-American Studies, Journal of Caribbean History, American Heritage, Naval History, Military History Quarterly, Colonial Williamsburg, German Life, Damals, (in German) and the Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association as well as chapters in various books and anthologies.

Contact:

robertaselig@gmail.com

Resumé:

EDUCATION:

Ph.D., history, cum laude, Universität Würzburg, Germany, 1988
M.A., English, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, 1980

DOCTORAL DISSERTATION:

“Mangy Sheep and Greedy Shepherds: Emigration from the Prince-Bishopric of
Würzburg in the Eighteenth Century and its Causes” (in German)

 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE:

Historical Consultant to the National Park Service for the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route (W3R) Study Project, 2001 – 2020
Historical Consultant to the State of Connecticut for the W3R project, 1997 – 2004
Historical Consultant to the Hudson River Valley Greenway for the W3R project,
2000 – 2001
Historical Consultant to the State of Delaware for the W3R project, 2001 – 2003
Historical Consultant to the State of Rhode Island for the W3R project, 2004 – 2015
Historical Consultant to the State of New Jersey for the W3R project, 2004 – 2007
Historical Consultant to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the W3R project,
2005 – 2008
Historical Consultant to the Commonwealth of Virginia for a “Revolutionary War
Road and Transportation Survey”, 2007 to 2010
Historical Consultant to the State of Maryland for a “Revolutionary War Road and Transportation Survey”, 2010 – 2014
Historical Consultant to the State of Maryland Department of Transportation, 2014

Contributing Editor, German Life, beginning with Vol. 4, No. 3, Oct./Nov.1997;
as of 1 June 2020, I wrote 139 feature stories

Project Historian for the “Battle of Princeton”, “Battle of Green Spring and Spencer’s Ordinary”, “Battle of the Clouds”, “Battle of Red Bank”, “Battle of Bennington”, “Battle of Hubbardton”, “Battle of Brandywine”, “Field Survey, Preparation of Maps, and Preparation of Local and National Landmark/ National Register Historic District Applications for the D’Ambrisi Property, Princeton, New Jersey” and the “Battle of Paoli” conducted for the American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) under the supervision of the National Park Service.

I also contributed to the “Battle of Short Hills” ABPP project and am currently serving as Project Historian for the “Battle of Stone Arabia and Klock’s Field” and the “Battle of the Hook” ABPP projects.

RECENT HONOR AND AWARDS:

Gilder-Lehrman Institute of American History Fellowship, Summer 2000

Good Citizenship Medal in Silver, Delaware Society, National Society, Sons of the American Revolution, 2003

Chevalier de l’ordre des palmes académiques, August 2011

Founded by Emperor Napoleon I in 1808, l’ordre des palmes académiques honors major contributions to French education, history and culture worldwide.

Distinguished Patriot Award, National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, September 2012.

The “Distinguished Patriot Award” is the NSSAR’s most prestigious national award. It was established in 1987 and may be given only once by a President General during his tenure in office. The first recipient was Bob Hope in recognition of his many years of entertaining members of the Armed Forces; President Ronald Reagan received the award after he left office in 1989. President George W. Bush was thus honored in 2005, Frank Buckles, last surviving American Soldier of World War I, received the award in 2009.

Robert H. Smith International Center for Jefferson Studies Fellowship, Monticello, Virginia, May 2015.

Erick Kurz Memorial Award for German-American History, Steuben Society of America, September 2015.

La Médaille d’Or des Valeurs Francophones, La Renaissance Française, 2019

This medal recognizes individuals who devote themselves to the development or tightening of linguistic or cultural ties between France and other countries sharing the French language, or to the development of the French language and culture in their country.

Invited four times, in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2020, to deliver the keynote address at the annual commemoration of the victory at Yorktown (19 October 1781)

MAJOR PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH REPORTS

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the
    Washington Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail (W3R-
    NHT) and Lafayette in Charles County, Maryland.
++(La Plata, Maryland: Maryland Veterans Museum at Patriot Park, 2020) forthcoming

Cultural Resources Survey of the Battle of the Hook, Gloucester Point, Virginia.
     Prepared for the County of Gloucester and the American Battlefield Protection
     Program. (Newark, Delaware: South River Heritage Consulting, LLC., 2020).
++Together with Wade Catts and Kevin Bradley. forthcoming

Water Trails of the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic
     Trail in the Hudson River Valley in 1781 and 1782. A Historical Overview and    
     Resource Inventory. (Albany, New York: Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, 2020)

“En Avant to Victory: The Allied March to Yorktown June-October 1781.”      
++In: The Ten Key Campaigns of the American Revolution Edward G. Lengel, ed.
++(Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2020), pp. 199-215.

The Franco-American Encampment in the Town of Greenburgh, 6 July – 18 August
     1781: A Historical Overview and Resource Inventory. (Greenburgh, New York:
++Town of Greenburgh, 2020)
++available for free download at: https://www.odellrochambeau.org/news/free-book

African-Americans, the Rhode Island Regiments, and the Battle of Fort Red Bank, 22
     October 1777. (Gloucester, New Jersey: County of Gloucester, 2019)
++“In the Morning We Began to Strip and Bury the Dead:” A Context for Burial
++Practices During the American War for Independence” in: Conference
     Proceedings. Fields of Conflict. 10th Biennial International Conference 26-30
     September 2018. 5 vols. (Mashantucket, CT: Mashantucket Pequot Museum
++and Research Center, 2019) vol. 3, pp. 78-92. Together with Wade P. Catts.
++http://pequotwar.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Volume-3-FOC-2018.pdf

Battle of Paoli: Documentation and National Historic Landmark Nomination.
     Prepared for the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund and the American
     Battlefield Protection Program. (West Chester, Pennsylvania: John Milner
++Associates, Inc., 2014/2019). Together with Wade P. Catts, Tom McGuire,
++and Sean Moir.

“Left Newport … before Daylight and March’s to Chads Ford.” Military Terrain
     Analysis for two Brandywine Battlefield Strategic Landscapes Chester County,
     Pennsylvania. Prepared for the County of Chester and the American Battlefield
     Protection Program. (Newark, Delaware: South River Heritage Consulting, LLC.,
++2019). Together with Wade P. Catts and Sean Moir.

“The Politics of Arming America or: Why are there still dozens of Vallière 4-lb
++Cannon à la suédoise in the United States but only four in all of Europe?” in:
     New Perspectives on the “Last Argument of Kings”. (Ticonderoga, New York: Fort
++Ticonderoga Press, 2018), pp. 30-51.

“Hessian Savages, Frog-Eating Frenchmen, and Virtuous Americans, 1776-1783:
++How Personal Experiences Change Time-honored Perceptions.” in: The
     American Revolution: A World War David K. Allison and Larrie D. Ferreiro, eds.,
++(Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2018), pp. 170-185.

The Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail in the State of New Hampshire,
++1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey.
(Washington, DC: Washington-
++Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail [WaRo], 2018)

The Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail in the Commonwealth of
      Massachusetts, 1781 – 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Boston:
++Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Association of Massachusetts,
++2017)

“The Army march’d at Day Break in two Columns.” Military Terrain Analysis for
      two Brandywine Battlefield Strategic Landscapes Chester County, Pennsylvania.
      Prepared for the County of Chester and the American Battlefield Protection
      Program. (West Chester, Pennsylvania: Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc.,
++2017). Together with Wade P. Catts and Kevin Bradley.

Cultural Resources Survey of the Bennington Battlefield, Walloomsac, New York.
Prepared for the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic
      Preservation and the American Battlefield Protection Program. (Jackson,
++Michigan: Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc., 2017). Together with Wade P.
++Catts, Christopher T. Espenshade, Elisabeth Lavigne, and James Montney.

Hubbardton Battlefield National Register Nomination Revision. Prepared for the
      Vermont Division of Historic Preservation and the American Battlefield
      Preservation Program. (Jackson, Michigan: Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc.,
++2017). Together with Wade P. Catts.

“It is Painful for Me to Lose so Many Good People”: Report of an Archeological Survey
      at Red Bank Battlefield Park (Fort Mercer), National Park, Gloucester County,
      New Jersey. Prepared for Gloucester County Department of Parks and
      Recreation and the American Battlefield Protection Program. (West Chester,
++Pennsylvania: Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc., 2017). Together with Wade
++Catts, Elisabeth Lavigne, Kevin Bradley, Kathryn Wood, and David G. Orr.

“Cheer Up My Boys, the Day is Ours….”: Field Survey, Preparation of Maps, and
      Preparation of Local and National Landmark/National Register Historic District
      Applications for the D’Ambrisi Property, Princeton, New Jersey. Prepared for
      the Princeton Battlefield Society and the American Battlefield Protection
      Program. (West Chester, Pennsylvania: Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc.,
++2017). Together with Wade P. Catts and Kevin Bradley.

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the
      Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail in the District of Columbia,
      September 1781 to July 1782. (Washington, DC: Washington-Rochambeau
++National Historic Trail [WaRo], 2016)

“Rochambeau in New Jersey: The Good French Ally.” in: The American Revolution
      in New Jersey: Where the Battlefront Meets the Home Front James J. Gigantino II,
++ed., (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2015), pp. 85-105.

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the Commonwealth of Rhode
      Island, 1781 – 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Providence, Rhode
++Island: Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Association of Rhode
++Island and Providence Plantations, 2015)

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the
      Washington Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail (W3R-
      NHT) in Maryland, focusing on the Contributions of the Eastern Shore to the
      Victory at Yorktown and the Role of Western Maryland in the Yorktown
      Campaign. (Baltimore, Maryland: Preservation Maryland, 2014)

The Encampment of French Forces at Scott’s Plantation on 17/18 September 1781.
++Excerpted from Historical Research Report on Belvoir (“Scott’s Plantation”) from
      the earliest known Date of European Contact to the Present with a particular
      Focus on the Encampment of French Forces on the Site on 17/18 September 1781.
++(URS Corporation: Baltimore, Maryland 2014)

Historical Research Report on Belvoir (“Scott’s Plantation”) from the earliest known
      Date of European Contact to the Present with a particular focus on the
      Encampment of French Forces on the Site on 17/18 September 1781. Prepared
      for URS Corporation as Part of TO 19: Generals Highway Project located in Anne
      Arundel County, MD (URS Corporation: Baltimore, Maryland 2014)
     Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water Based Route Reconnaissance for the
      Washington Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail in the
      Anacostia Trails Heritage Area, Prince George’s County, Maryland (Hyattsville,
++Maryland: Anacostia Trails Heritage Area, 2013)

Cultural Resource Survey and Land and Water-Based Route Investigation of the
      French Encampments at Bush Town in Harford County, Maryland, on 10/11
      September 1781 and from 24 to 29 August 1782. (Baltimore, Maryland:
++Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail Project
++in the State of Maryland, 2013)

Battle of the Clouds Technical Report and Historical Overview. Prepared for the
      County of Chester and the American Battlefield Protection Program. (West
++Chester, Pennsylvania: John Milner Associates, Inc., 2013) Together with Wade
++P. Catts and Tom McGuire.

Washington, Rochambeau, and the Yorktown Campaign of 1781.” in: A Companion
      to George Washington. Edward G. Lengel, ed. (Blackwell, 2012), pp. 266-287.

Battle of Princeton Mapping Project: Report of Military Terrain Analysis and Battle
      Narrative, Princeton, New Jersey. Prepared for the Princeton Battlefield Society
      and the American Battlefield Protection Program. (West Chester, Pennsylvania:
++John Milner Associates, Inc., 2010). Together with Wade P. Catts and Matthew
++Harris.

Investigation of the Spencer’s Ordinary (26 June 1781) and Green Spring (6 July
      1781) Battlefields, James City County, Virginia. Prepared for the County of James
      City and the American Battlefield Protection Program. (Williamsburg, Virginia:
++Archaeological & Cultural Solutions, Inc., 2010). Together with Alain C. Outlaw
++and Mary B. Clemons.

Revolutionary War Route and Transportation Survey in the Commonwealth of
     Virginia, 1781-1782. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Richmond, Virginia:
++Virginia Department of Historic Resources, 2009)

La Courageuse and La Contrebandiere. A Pair of Bronze 1758 Vallière Light 4 –
      Pounder Cannon from the American War of Independence (privately printed,
++2008)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the Commonwealth of
      Pennsylvania, 1781 – 1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Philadelphia,
++Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution; Pennsylvania
++Society, Sons of the American Revolution, 2007)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of New Jersey, 1781 –
++1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. 3 vols. (Trenton, New Jersey: New
++Jersey Historic Trust, Department of Community Affairs, 2006)

“Historical Background.” In: Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route.
      Resource Study and Environmental Assessment (Boston, Massachusetts: The
++National Park Service Northeast and Capital Regions, 2006), pp. 9-26.

March to Victory: Washington, Rochambeau, and the Yorktown Campaign of 1781.
++U.S. Army Center for Military History # 70-104-1 (Washington, DC, 2005)

‘En Avant’ With Our French Allies: Sites, Markers, and Monuments in Connecticut
      Commemorating the Contributions of French Troops under the comte de
      Rochambeau to the Achievement of American Independence, 1780 to 1782.
++(Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut Historical Commission, 2004)

Hussars in Lebanon! A Connecticut Town and Lauzun’s Legion during the American
      Revolution, 1780-1781. (Lebanon, Connecticut: Lebanon Historical Society, 2004)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. Statement of National
      Significance. (Boston, Massachusetts: National Park Service Northeast and
++Capital Regions, 2003)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of Delaware, 1781-
++1783. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Dover, Delaware: State of
++Delaware, 2003)

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route in the State of New York, 1781-
++1782. An Historical and Architectural Survey. (Albany, New York: Hudson River
++Valley Greenway, 2001)

Rochambeau’s Cavalry: Lauzun’s Legion in Connecticut 1780-1781. The Winter
      Quarters of Lauzun’s Legion in Lebanon and its March Through the State in 1781.
      Rochambeau’s Conferences in Hartford and Wethersfield. Historic and
      Architectural Survey. (Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut Historical
++Commission, 2000)

Rochambeau in Connecticut: Tracing his Journey. Historic and Architectural Survey.
++(Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut Historical Commission, 1999)

MINOR PUBLICATIONS AND JOURNAL ARTICLES

“Rochambeau in Bolton. The Whys and Wherefores of the French Encampment on
++the farm of the Rev. George Colton, 21 to 24, June 1781.” The Brigade Dispatch.
      Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 47, no. 2, (Autumn 2020), pp. 3-13

“Severed Heads, Potato-Pits and Fence-Posts: A Cultural Context for the Burial of
++Casualties at Bennington, 16 August 1777.” Journal of the Johannes Schwalm
      Historical Association vol. 22, (2019), pp. 38-46.

“Involuntary Soldiers for America – the Rest of the Story.” Journal of the
      Johannes Schwalm Historical Association vol. 21, (2018), pp. 85-91.

“Involuntary Soldiers for America: Count Friedrich Ludwig zu Wertheim-
++Löwenstein’s Creative Recruitment Practices, 1781-1782.” Journal of the
      Johannes Schwalm Historical Association vol. 20, (2017), pp. 11-18.

“Father Ferdinand Farmer’s French-Canadian Connection.” Connecticut Maple Leaf
++vol. 16, no. 2 (Winter 2013-2014), pp. 61-65.

“Eighteenth-Century Currencies.” The Brigade Dispatch. Journal Of The Brigade Of          
      The American Revolution vol. 43, no. 3, (Autumn, 2013), pp. 16-31.

“Site Lines: Mapping Rochambeau’s March across Connecticut” Connecticut
      Explored vol. 10, no. 2 (Spring 2012), pp. 48-49.

“How did Yorktown become the largest town in America?” Le bulletin. Newsletter of
      l’Alliance Française, Chapitre de Grasse. Norfolk, VA. (January-February 2012),
++pp. 9-11.

“Artillery at Yorktown: A Statistical Overview (Part 2 of 2) The Brigade Dispatch.
      Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 40, no. 3, (Winter 2010),
++pp. 26-32.

“Artillery at Yorktown: A Statistical Overview (Part 1 of 2) The Brigade Dispatch.
      Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 40, no. 4, (Autumn
++2010), pp. 1-11.

“Heritage Tourism, Historical Re-Enactments and the Local Economy: A Global
++Perspective.” The Brigade Dispatch. Journal Of The Brigade Of The American
      Revolution vol. 40, no. 2, (Summer 2010), pp. 2-11.

“French Horse-Thieves, German Cattle-Rustlers, and Sticky-Fingered Virginia
++Militia: The Seedier Side of Life in Gloucester County during the Siege of October
++1781.” The Brigade Dispatch. Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution
++vol. 39, no. 1, (Spring 2009), pp. 2-10.

“Global Implications of the Peace of Paris, 3 September 1783.” The Brigade
      Dispatch. Journal Of The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 38, no. 4,
++(Winter 2008), pp. 2-29.

“20 October 1781: The Day After the Surrender.” The Brigade Dispatch. Journal Of
     The Brigade Of The American Revolution vol. 38, no. 2, (Summer 2008), pp. 2-16.

“Old World Meets New: Franco-American Encounters and the expédition
     particulière, 1780-1782.” The Brigade Dispatch. Journal Of The Brigade Of The
     American Revolution vol. 37, no. 1, (Spring 2007), pp. 2-11.

“Tracing the Yorktown Campaign of 1781 – 82.” Notes on Virginia no. 51 (2007),
++pp. 47-55.

“Walk Where They Fought: Path to Victory!” The Armchair General (July 2006)
++(with Barnet Schecter). Available at http://www.armchairgeneral.com/

“Der Spanische Erbfolgekrieg in Übersee.” In: Die Schlacht von Höchstädt/The
     Battle of Blenheim J. Erichsen and K. Heinemann, eds., (Ostfildern: Jan
++Thorbecke, 2004), pp. 90-95.

“Hessians Fighting for American Independence? German Deserters recruited for
++Lauzun’s Legion in America, 1780 – 1782.” Journal of the Johannes Schwalm
     Historical Association vol. 7, no. 4, (2004), pp. 39-51.

“Eyewitness to Yorktown.” Military History (February 2003), pp. 58-64.
++(based on the letters of comte Schwerin, a lieutenant in the company of
++grenadiers in the Royal Deux-Ponts regiment to his uncle the Prince of Neuwied.

“Das Deutsche Königlich-Französische Infanterie Regiment von Zweybrücken or
++Royal Deux-Ponts.” Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association.
++Part 1: April 1756 – March 1780, in vol. 6, no. 4, (2000), pp. 52-59.
++Part 2: March 1780 – June 1781, in vol. 7, no. 1, (2001), pp. 43-53.
++Part 3: July 1781 – June 1783, in vol. 7, no. 2, (2002), pp. 29-43.
++Part 4: June 1783 – 21 July 1791, in vol. 7, no. 3, (2003), pp. 42-52.

“Putting the Washington – Rochambeau Trail on the Map.” Flintlock & Powderhorn,
     Magazine of the Sons of the Revolution vol. 21, no. 1, (Spring 2003), pp. 4-15.

“A New View of Old Williamsburg. A Huntington Library Manuscript Provides
++Another Glimpse of the City in 1781.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the
     Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 22, no. 1, (Spring 2000), pp. 30-34.
++The author of this manuscript is an unidentified officer in the Soissonnois
++Regiment of Infantry.

“Traveling On the Washington-Rochambeau-Revolutionary-Route.” Daughters of
     the American Revolution Magazine vol. 135, no. 5, (May 2001), pp. 428-435.

“The word liberté was frequently heard. The Royal Deux-Ponts in the American
++and the French Revolutions.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial
     Williamsburg Foundation vol. 21, no. 1, (Spring 2001), pp. 80-84.

“Johann Georg Wüst. Der König von Ostindien.” Damals. Das aktuelle Magazin für
     Geschichte und Kultur vol. 32, no. 11, (November 2000), pp. 66-71.

“The Iconography to Triumph and Surrender.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal
     of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 23, no. 3 (Autumn 2000), pp. 72-77.

“From Newport to Yorktown: Following the Road to Victory.” Colonial
     Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 22, no. 3
++(Autumn 2000), pp. 66-71.

“Nothing but Sky and Water: Descriptions of Transatlantic Travel from the Journal
++of Georg Daniel Flohr, Grenadier, Royal Deux-Ponts, 1780-1783.” Naval History
++vol. 13, no. 5, (September/October 1999), pp. 29-34.

“The duc de Lauzun and his Légion, Rochambeau’s most troublesome, colorful
++soldiers.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg
    Foundation vol. 21, no. 6, (December 1999/January 2000), pp. 56-63.

“François Joseph Paul Comte de Grasse, the Battle off the Virginia Capes, and the
++American Victory at Yorktown.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the
    Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 21, no. 5, (October/November 1999),
++pp. 26-32.

“The Prince and the Pauper: Christian von Zweibrücken and Lucy Randolph.”
German Life vol. 6, no. 2, (August/September 1999), pp. 40-42.

“A French Volunteer who lived to rue America’s Revolution: Denis Jean Florimond
++de Langlois, Marquis du Bouchet” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the
    Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 21, no. 3, (June/July 1999), pp. 16-25.

“Who were the Huguenots?” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial
    Williamsburg Foundation vol. 21, no. 2, (April/May 1999), pp. 67-71.

“Eighteenth-Century European and American Currencies.” Beyond Germanna
++vol. 11, No. 2, (March 1999), pp. 616-617.

“Georg Daniel Flohr” Beyond Germanna vol. 10, no. 6, (November 1998), pp. 591-
++592, and vol. 11, no. 1, (January 1999), pp. 606-607.

Wilhelmsburg in the Year 1702: The Account of Franz Ludwig Michel.” Colonial
     Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 20, no.
++4, (Summer 1998), pp. 23-31. Also at www.patc.net/michel2.html

“America the Ungrateful: The Not-So-Fond Remembrances of Louis François
++Dupont d’Aubevoye, comte de Lauberdière.” American Heritage vol. 48, no. 1,
++(February 1997), pp. 101-106.

“Emigration and the Safety-Valve Theory in the Eighteenth Century: Some
++Mathematical Evidence from the Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg” Yearbook of the  
     Society for German-American Studies vol. 31, (1996), pp. 137-55; together with
++Dr. Duane Broline.

“The Palatial Splendor of the Mozartfest in Würzburg.” German Life vol. 3, no. 1,
++(July 1996), p. 43.

“And is, Alas! The Hour of our Parting Come?” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal
     of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 18, no. 4, (Summer 1996), pp. 46-53.

“The Freshest Advices (post-script to my essay ‘And is, Alas! The Hour of our
++Parting Come’)” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial
     Williamsburg Foundation vol. 19, no. 1, (Fall 1996), pp. 14-15.

“Reflections on the 125th Anniversary of the Proclamation of the German
++Empire.” Newsletter of the Society for German-American Studies vol. 17, No. 1,
++(March 1996), pp. 1-2.

“Lauberdière’s Journal. The Revolutionary War Journal of Louis François Bertrand
++d’Aubevoye, comte de Lauberdière.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the
     Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 18, no. 1, (Autumn 1995), pp. 33-37.

“The Freshest Advices (post-script to my essay ‘Lauberdière’s Journal’)”
     Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
++vol. 18, no. 2, (Winter 1995-96), pp. 6-7.

“Storming the Redoubts (Yorktown, 14 October 1781).” Military History Quarterly
++vol. 8, no. 1, (Autumn 1995), pp. 18-27.

“Deux-Ponts Germans. Unsung Heroes of the American Revolution.” German Life
++vol. 2, no. 2, (August/September 1995), pp. 50-53.

“Finding Fame in Virginia: But Fortune eluded Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von
++Steuben.” Colonial Williamsburg. The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg
     Foundation vol. 17, no. 2, (Winter 1994-95), pp. 55-59.

“Private Flohr’s Other Life: The young German fought for American Independence,
++went home, and returned as a man of peace.” American Heritage vol. 45, no. 6,
++(October 1994), pp. 94-95.

“Light Infantry Lessons from America? Johann von Ewald’s Experiences in the War
++for Independence.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 23 (1993), pp. 111-129.

“The French Capture of St. Eustatius, 26 November 1781.” Journal of Caribbean
     History vol. 27, no. 2, (December 1993), pp. 129-143.

“A German Soldier in New England During the Revolutionary War: The Account of
++Georg Daniel Flohr.” Newport History vol. 65, no. 223, (Fall 1993), pp. 48-65.

“A German Soldier in America, 1780-1783: The Journal of Georg Daniel Flohr.”
William and Mary Quarterly vol. 50, no. 3, (July 1993), pp. 575-590. Also in “The
++Periodical Observer” Wilson Quarterly vol. 18, no. 1, (Winter 1994), pp. 136-137.

“Georg Daniel Flohr’s Journal: A New Perspective.” Colonial Williamsburg. The
     Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation vol. 15, no. 4, (Summer 1993),
++pp. 47-53.

“Private Flohr’s America. From Newport to Yorktown and the Battle that won the
++War: a German Foot Soldier who fought for American Independence tells all
++about it in a newly discovered Memoir.” American Heritage vol. 43, no. 8,
++(December 1992), pp. 64-71.
++Repr. in Battles and Leaders F. Allen, ed., (New York: Forbes, 1994), pp. 2-9.

“Idea and Practice of the ius emigrandi in the Holy Roman Empire from the
++Reformation to the French Revolution.” Yearbook of the Society for German-
    American Studies vol. 27, (1992), pp. 15-22.

“The Price of Freedom: Poverty, Emigration and Taxation in the Prince-Bishopric
++of Würzburg in the Eighteenth Century.” Yearbook of the Society for German-
     American Studies vol. 26, (1991), pp. 105-126.

“Emigration, Fraud, Humanitarianism and the Founding of Londonderry, South
++Carolina, 1763-1765.” 18th-Century Studies vol. 23, no. 1, (Fall 1989), pp. 1- 23.

“Regulations for the Child-Weavers in the Juliusspital Workhouse in Würzburg
(1731).” Schatzkammer der deutschen Sprache, Dichtung und Geschichte vol. 14,
++no. 2, (Fall 1988), pp. 117-129.

“Eighteenth-Century Last Wills and Testaments as a Source for Social History.
++Winterhausen as a Case Study.” Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual
     European Studies Conference Omaha, Nebraska, 1988, pp. 317-328.

“`Underpaid and Overworked’: The Plight of Servants in Eighteenth Century
++Franconia.” Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual European Studies Conference
++Omaha, Nebraska, 1987, pp. 255-266.

“`Mangy Sheep and Greedy Shepherds’: Emigration from the Prince-Bishopric
++of Würzburg during the Eighteenth Century and its Causes.” Proceedings of
    the Eleventh Annual European Studies Conference Omaha, Nebraska, 1986,
++pp. 238-249.

“Friedrich Wilhelm von Steubens Kommando in Virginia (1780/81)” in: Friedrich
    Wilhelm von Steuben. Leben, Zeit, und Zeitgenossen. W. Giesebrecht, ed.,
++(Würzburg: Handelsdruckerei, 1980), pp. 115-125.

ENTRIES IN ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND REFERENCE WORKS

“Abatis”, “Desertion, Army”, “Discipline, Army”, “Infantry”, “Light Infantry”,
++“Manuals, Military”, ” Recruitment, Army “, “Redoubt”, “Strategy”, “Tactics,
++Infantry.” in: Colonial Wars of North America 1512-1763. An Encyclopedia Alan
++Gallay, ed., (New York: Garland, 1996), pp. 1, 172, 176-77, 308, 383, 412-13,
++624-25, 625, 722-23, 735-36

“Augustus II, King of Poland, Elector of Saxony”, “Bavaria, Revolt in (1705-06)”,
++“Cayenne”, “Gertruydenberg”, “Maximilian Emanuel von Wittelsbach, Elector of
++Bavaria”, “Orsbeck, Johann Hugo von, and Lothringen, Karl Joseph von, Electors
++of Treves”, “Pfalz-Neuburg, Johann Wilhelm von der, Elector Palatinate”,
++“Schönborn, Lothar Franz von, Elector of Mainz”, “Tyrol, Revolt in (1703).” in:
Historical Dictionary of the Treaties of the War of the Spanish Succession Linda
++and Marsha Frey, eds., (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995), pp. 22-23, 35-36,
++88-89, 181-83, 278-81, 322-23, 343-44, 401-03, 448-49.

“Royal-Deux-Ponts”, “Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben.” in: Encyclopedia of the
     American Revolution Richard C. Blanco, ed., 2 Vols. (New York: Garland, 1993),
++vol. 2, pp. 1436-39, and 1579-85.

“Franconia”, “Artisans”, “Peasants”, in: Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions J. Chastain,
++ed., Published only on the Internet www.cats.ohiou.edu/~chastain/