French Army Bivouac/Camp 31 (south), and Camp 23 (north), in Havre de Grace/Lower Ferry


Maryland 7 and Old Bay Lane
Havre de Grace, MD 21078

Who?:  French
Units:  Bourbonnois, Soissonnois, Saintonge, Royal Deux-Ponts Regiments of Infantry plus regimental artillery
Direction:  Both
Destination:  Yorktown, Virginia (French Infantry) and Gloucester Courthouse (Lauzun's hussars) in 1781,
Date:  September 9/10, 1781
Public Access:  Yes

Here at the intersection of Maryland 7 and Old Bay Lane in Havre de Grace was the approximate location of Camp 31 of Rochambeau’s infantry regiments (minus the grenadiers and chasseurs, incl. those of Lauzun’s Legion, embarked at Head of Elk), on September 9/10, 1781. The hussars of Lauzun’s Legion accompanied the Wagon Train and artillery to its crossing of the Susquehannah at Bald Friar’s Ford. On the return trip on August 25/26, 1782, they established a regular camp, Camp 23 since departure from Williamsburg, Virginia, on July 1, 1782. There was no town in existence in 1781. On September 10, 1781, the army continued its march towards Baltimore and the hoped-for transportation waiting for them there.