Timeline of the American War of Independence on the American Mainland

1763

1763, February 10
First Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War. France cedes Canada and territories east of the Mississippi, much of India, Senegal, some Caribbean islands to Great Britain. Spain cedes to Britain Florida and Menorca in exchange for Cuba and the Philippines lost to Great Britain during the war.
1763, February 10
1763, October 7
Proclamation Line of 1763 bars settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
1763, October 7
1763, December
Arrival of British frigate Squirrel off Newport, RI to enforce new anti-smuggling laws
1763, December

1764

1764, April 5
British Parliament passes the Sugar Act.
1764, April 5
1764, April 19
British Parliament passes Currency Act
1764, April 19

1765

1765, March 22
British Parliament passes the Stamp Act.
1765, March 22
1765, March 24
British Parliament passes the Quartering Act.
1765, March 24
1765, May 31
Virginia Resolves in response to acts passed by Parliament.
1765, May 31
1765, October 19
Stamp Act Congress meets in New York City.
1765, October 19

1766

1766, March 18
Parliament passes Declaratory Act and repeals Stamp Act.
1766, March 18

1767

1767, June 29
British Parliament passes the Townshend Act imposing duties on tea, paper, and other items imported into the colonies.
1767, June 29

1768

1768, February 11
Samuel Adams writes letter opposing taxation without representation. The letter becomes known as the Circular Letter. Crown dissolves Massachusetts legislature for refusing to collect taxes while Bostonians refuse to quarter troops
1768, February 11
1768, February 27
Earl of Hillsborough becomes first British Secretary of State for the Colonies.
1768, February 27
1768, June 10
John Hancock’s sloop Liberty confiscated for smuggling.
1768, June 10
1768, October 1
British troops occupy Boston to curb perceived lawlessness.
1768, October 1

1769

1769, May 16
Virginia Resolves II, House of Burgesses is dissolved.
1769, May 16

1770

1770, March 5
British troops in Boston fire on rioters. The event becomes known as the “Boston Massacre.”
1770, March 5
1770, April 12
Repeal of the Townshend Acts except for the tax on tea.
1770, April 12

1772

1772, June 10
Royal Navy schooner Gaspee burned off Pawtuxet, RI
1772, June 10

1773

1773, May 10
British Parliament passes Tea Act.
1773, May 10
1773, December 16
Colonist dump tea from the East India Co. ships Dartmouth, Eleanor and Beaver into Boston harbor: Boston Tea Party
1773, December 16

1774

1774, March 30
British Parliament passes Boston Port Act, shutting down Boston Harbor. This is the first of five laws passed over the next eight weeks dealing with Britain’s colonies on the American mainland. They are known collectively as the Intolerable or Coercive Acts.
1774, March 30
1774, May 10
Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) King of France.
1774, May 10
1774, June 2
British Parliament passes a new Quartering Act.
1774, June 2
1774, June 22
British Parliament passes the Quebec Act, the last of the Intolerable Acts.
1774, June 22
1774, September 5
First Session of First Continental Congress in Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. It adjourns on 26 October.
1774, September 5

1775

1775, February 9
British Parliament declares Massachusetts to be in rebellion.
1775, February 9
1775, March 23
Patrick Henry gives speech, “Give me liberty or give me death” at St. John's Church in Richmond during 2nd Virginia Convention.
1775, March 23
1775, April 14
First American abolition society founded in Philadelphia with Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Benjamin Rush as presidents.
1775, April 14
1775, April 19
Battles of Lexington and Concord.
1775, April 19
1775, April 20
General Artemas Ward commences siege of British in Boston.
1775, April 20
1775, April 21
Royal Marines under Governor Lord Dunmore's orders take 15 half barrels of gunpowder from the magazine in Williamsburg.
1775, April 21
1775, May 10
First Session of the Second Continental Congress in Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. Following Maryland’s signing of the Articles of Confederation on 1 March 1781 it adjourns and reconvenes as the Congress of the Confederation (until 2 March 1789.)
1775, May 10
1775, May 24
John Hancock becomes president of Congress replacing, Peyton Randolph of Virginia, who dies on 22 October 1775.
1775, May 24
1775, June 14
Congress establishes the Continental Army.
1775, June 14
1775, June 15
Congress appoints George Washington Commander-in-Chief.
1775, June 15
1775, June 17
Battle of Bunker Hill.
1775, June 17
1775, July 3
George Washington takes command of the Continental Army.
1775, July 3
1775, July 10
Adjutant General Horatio Gates issues order that henceforth no "deserter from the Ministerial army, nor any stroller, negro, or vagabond" would be recruited into the Continental Army.
1775, July 10
1775, August 7
Louis XVI agrees to send Julien Achard de Bonvouloir to America on a fact-finding mission.
1775, August 7
1775, August 22
George III issues a proclamation declaring the Americans to be in a state of open rebellion.
1775, August 22
1775, September 15
The British charge d'affairs in Paris is ordered to protest the shipment of 30 tons of gun-powder to Philadelphia from St. Domingue, modern-day Haiti.
1775, September 15
1775, September 18
Continental Congress resolves to appoint a Secret Committee to import up to 500 tons of gunpowder, 20,000 musket locks, 10,000 stand of arms, and 40 brass six-pounders.
1775, September 18
1775, October 10
Sir William Howe named Commander-in-Chief of British army.
1775, October 10
1775, October 13
Congress founds Continental Navy.
1775, October 13
1775, November 7
Virginia Governor Lord Dunmore issues proclamation offering freedom to slaves “appertaining to rebels” who join his colors.
1775, November 7
1775, November 10
Congress founds Continental Marine Corps
1775, November 10
1775, November 10
Lord George Germain replaces Dartmouth as Secretary of State for the Colonies.
1775, November 10
1775, November 13
Patriots under Richard Montgomery take Montreal.
1775, November 13
1775, November 17
Patriots destroy Governor Dunmore’s arms at Kemp’s Landing.
1775, November 17
1775, December 5
Benedict Arnold begins unsuccessful siege of Quebec City.
1775, December 5
1775, December 9
Patriots defeat Governor Dunmore at Battle of Great Bridge, VA.
1775, December 9
1775, December 28
Julien-Alexandre Achard de Bonvouloir sends glowing report detailing his conversations with the Secret Committee of Correspondence in Philadelphia to Paris.
1775, December 28
1775, December 30
Washington allows recruitment of free Blacks veterans.
1775, December 30

1776

1776, January 16
Congress approves Washington’s order of 30 December re: the re-enlistment of Black veterans.
1776, January 16
1776, February 21
Washington reconfirms the prohibition of enlistment of slaves with or without the consent of their owners.
1776, February 21
1776, February 24
A British agent informs London that American vessels entered Bilbao and Santander. "Their business can only be to load gunpowder and other warlike stores, perhaps not in the ports of Spain, but very probably at sea, where it is believed they are supplied by the Dutch."
1776, February 24
1776, February 27
Bonvouloir’s report reaches Foreign Minister Vergennes.
1776, February 27
1776, January 10
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense published in London.
1776, January 10
1776, February 29
House of Commons approves treaties with German principalities to supply troops for the American War.
1776, February 29
1776, March 3
Date of Silas Deane’s instructions and list of supplies needed For the American war effort. He hands the list to French Foreign Minister the comte de Vergennes on 11 July 1776.
1776, March 3
1776, March 17
Date of Silas Deane’s instructions and list of supplies needed For the American war effort. He hands the list to French Foreign Minister the comte de Vergennes on 11 July 1776.
1776, March 17
1776, April 22
Louis XVI decides to provide funding to the Americans via the trading company of Roderigue Hortalez & Co. set up by Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais.
1776, April 22
1776, May 2
France makes 1 million livres in cash available to Roderigue Hortalez & Co.
1776, May 2
1776, May 4
Rhode Island becomes first colony to declare independence.
1776, May 4
1776, May 11
Washington recommends raising companies of Germans to send among the Hessians fighting for Britain "for exciting a spirit of disaffection and desertion. If a few trusty, sensible fellows could get with them, . . . they would have great weight and influence with the common Soldiery, who certainly have no enmity towards us, having received no Injury, nor cause of Quarrell from us."
1776, May 11
1776, May 15
Virginia legislature declares independence; second colony to do so.
1776, May 15
1776, May 29
A sloop from St. Eustatius arrives in Charleston, SC with 10,000 pounds of powder.
1776, May 29
1776, June 7
Independence resolution first introduced in Congress.
1776, June 7
1776, June 12
Virginia Convention adopts George Mason’s Declaration of Rights.
1776, June 12
1776, June 15
Delaware declares independence from both Great Britain and Pennsylvania.
1776, June 15
1776, June 19
Continental Army forced to abandon Montreal.
1776, June 19
1776, June 20
Spain matches France’s one million livres to American rebels.
1776, June 20
1776, 1/2 July
Caesar Rodney rides to Philadelphia to cast the decisive vote for independence.
1776, 1/2 July
1776, July 4
Congress ratifies the Declaration of Independence.
1776, July 4
1776, July 7
General Schuyler withdraws from Crown Point to Ticonderoga.
1776, July 7
1776, August 14
Hessian troops begin to disembarked on Staten Island.
1776, August 14
1776, September 7
Patriot submarine Turtle attacks British flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor.
1776, September 7
1776, September 9
The Journal of the Continental Congress reads: “Resolved, That in all continental commissions, and other instruments, where, heretofore, the words 'United Colonies' have been used, the stile be altered for the future to the "United States."
1776, September 9
1776, September 22
Nathan Hale is hanged in New York for spying.
1776, September 22
1776, October 26
Benjamin Franklin sets sail for France from Philadelphia.
1776, October 26
1776, October 28
Battle of White Plains, NY.
1776, October 28
1776, November 16
Continental brig Andrew Doria (Capt. Isaiah Robinson) flying Stars and Stripes saluted on the Dutch island of St. Eustatius.
1776, November 16
1776, November 29
Benjamin Franklin lands in Quiberon, France.
1776, November 29
1776, December 8
Crown forces occupy Newport, RI.
1776, December 8
1776, December 20
Benjamin Franklin arrives in Versailles.
1776, December 20
1776, December 26
Battle of Trenton, NJ.
1776, December 26

1777

1777, January 2
Second Battle of Trenton/Assunpink Creek.
1777, January 2
1777, January 3
Battle of Princeton, NJ.
1777, January 3
1777, January 12
Washington instructs recruiting officers to "enlist none but Freemen," the implication being that the recruits could be black as long as they were free.
1777, January 12
1777, January 15
Vermont declares independence; it becomes the 14th state in 1791.
1777, January 15
1777, January 25
The Amphitrite leaves France for Portsmouth, NH with artillery pieces and military supplies. She arrives on 20 April 1777. By 1 December 1777, eight of the nine vessels sent out by Beaumarchais arrive safely in Portsmouth, NH.
1777, January 25
1777, April 27
British raid on Danbury, CT; Sybil Ludington’s 40-mile ride at night to Carmel, NY.
1777, April 27
1777, June 13
Lafayette and de Kalb arrive at Georgetown, SC on La Victoire.
1777, June 13
1777, June 14
Congress passes resolution describing new flag: "the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white" and that "the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation."
1777, June 14
1777, July 7
Battle of Hubbardton, the only battle fought in Vermont during the War for Independence. The so-called Battle of Bennington of 16 August 1777 was actually fought at Wallumsac, NY.
1777, July 7
1777, July 31
Congress appoints marquis de Lafayette a major-general in the Continental Army. More than 100 volunteers from all across Europe will join the Continental Army over the next few years
1777, July 31
1777, August 6
Battle of Oriskany, NY.
1777, August 6
1777, September 3
Battle of Cooch’s Bridge, DE.
1777, September 3
1777, September 11
Battle of Brandywine.
1777, September 11
1777, September 20
Paoli Massacre.
1777, September 20
1777, September 26
British occupy Philadelphia
1777, September 26
1777, October 4
Battle of Germantown.
1777, October 4
1777, October 12
British forces under General “Gentleman Johnny” Burgoyne are surrounded at Saratoga. They surrender on 17 October 1777.
1777, October 12
1777, October 22
Battle of Red Bank.
1777, October 22
1777, November 15
Congress authorizes Articles of Confederation setting a deadline of 10 March 1778 for ratification by the states. It is not ratified by all states until 30 January 1781 (Maryland.)
1777, November 15
1777, November 15
Congress authorizes Articles of Confederation setting a deadline of 10 March 1778 for ratification by the states. It is not ratified by all states until 30 January 1781 (Maryland.)
1777, November 15
1777, November 28
John Adams appointed to replace Silas Deane in Paris. He will arrive there on 8 April 1778.
1777, November 28
1777, December 4
News of Burgoyne's surrender reaches Paris.
1777, December 4
1777, December 19
Continental Army enters winter quarters at Valley Forge.
1777, December 19
1777, December 17
France recognizes the United States as an independent nation.
1777, December 17

1778

1778, February 6
American representatives in Paris sign a "Treaty of Amity and Friendship" and a secret "Treaty of Alliance" with France.
1778, February 6
1778, February 14
Rhode Island Assembly votes to allow the enlistment of "every able-bodied negro, mulatto, or Indian man slave" that chose to do so, and that "every slave so enlisting shall, upon his passing muster before Colonel Christopher Greene, be immediately discharged from the service of his master or mistress, and be absolutely free”. Active recruitment ended in June 1778.
1778, February 14
1778, February 14
Stars and Stripes flying on Ranger (Capt. John Paul Jones) and Independence saluted for first time by French Navy.
1778, February 14
1778, February 23
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge.
1778, February 23
1778, February 25
Americans forces under George Rodgers Clark capture Fort Sackville in Vincennes (Indiana.)
1778, February 25
1778, February 26
Congress instructed the states to fill up their units "by drafts, from their militia, or in any other way" without mention of race.
1778, February 26
1778, March 16
Great Britain declares war on France.
1778, March 16
1778, March 20
King Louis XVI receives U.S. representatives Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane and Arthur Lee.
1778, March 20
1778, April 8
John Adams arrives in Paris to replace Deane.
1778, April 8
1778, May 4
Congress ratifies Treaty of Alliance with France.
1778, May 4
1778, May 6
Continental Army at Valley Forge celebrates French alliance.
1778, May 6
1778, June 18
British evacuate Philadelphia.
1778, June 18
1778, June 19
Continental Army leaves winter quarters at Valley Forge.
1778, June 19
1778, June 26
George Rogers Clark captures Kaskaskia, IL.
1778, June 26
1778, June 28
Battle of Monmouth.
1778, June 28
1778, June 17
First naval engagement of the war between Belle Poule and HMS Arethusa off the coast of England. An Acte Royal by Louis XVI sets 17 June 1778 as the official starting date of hostilities.
1778, June 17
1778, July 2
Continental Congress returns to Philadelphia.
1778, July 2
1778, July 10
France declares war against Britain.
1778, July 10
1778, July 27
Naval battle off Ile d'Ouessant/Ushant; indecisive engagement between France and Great Britain (English Channel.)
1778, July 27
1778, July 29
French Admiral d'Estaing arrives with a fleet outside Newport, RI to support the (failed) American attack on the city.
1778, July 29
1778, August 31
D’Estaing’s defeated force departs for Boston.
1778, August 31
1778, November 30
Continental Army enters winter quarters in Middlebrook.
1778, November 30
1778, December 29
British capture Savannah.
1778, December 29

1779

1779, January 11
Lafayette sails to France to solicit more assistance.
1779, January 11
1779, February 23-25
Col. George Rogers Clark captures British General Henry Hamilton “Hair-buyer” at Vincennes, Indiana.
1779, February 23-25
1779, March 11
Congress establishes the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers out of mostly of French personnel serving in the Continental Army.
1779, March 11
1779, May-November
General Sullivan’s expedition against the Iroquois.
1779, May-November
1779, April 12
Convention of Aranjuez between France and Spain. Spain will enter the war as an ally of France but not of the US.
1779, April 12
1779, June 3
Continental Army leaves winter quarters in Middlebrook for New York Highlands.
1779, June 3
1779, June 21
Spain declares war against Great Britain following French promises to assist Spain in recovering Gibraltar and Florida.
1779, June 21
1779, July 16
Battle of Stony Point.
1779, July 16
1779, September 16 - October 18
French and American siege of Savannah.
1779, September 16 - October 18
1779, September 23
Naval battle of Flambourgh Head (English Channel) pitting Bonhomme Richard under Capt.John Paul Jones vs HMS Serapis.
1779, September 23
1779, September 27
John Jay is appointed minister to Spain and tasked with winning Spanish support for American independence.
1779, September 27
1779, September 21
Spanish forces under Don Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Louisiana, capture Baton Rouge.
1779, September 21

1780

1780, January 1
Mutiny of the Massachusetts Line at West Point, NY.
1780, January 1
1780, February 2
King Louis XVI approves the expédition particulière, the transportation of forces to be stationed in the USA.
1780, February 2
1780, March 1
Louis XVI promotes Rochambeau to lieutenant general and puts him in command of the expedition.
1780, March 1
1780, April 27/28
Lafayette arrives in Boston aboard frigate L’Hermione. He is accompanied by Commissary Ethis de Corny, who had orders to make arrangements for the arrival of Rochambeau’s forces.
1780, April 27/28
1780, May 2
Rochambeau’s convoy sails out of Brest.
1780, May 2
1780, May 26
Joint British and Indian attack on Spanish at St. Louis fails.
1780, May 26
1780, May 12
Charleston, SC falls to Crown forces following a siege that had begun on21 February. French forces, incl. the Black chasseurs volontaires de St. Domingue had participated in the defense.
1780, May 12
1780, May 29
Battle of the Waxhaws, SC.
1780, May 29
1780, June 22
Battle of Springfield, NJ.
1780, June 22
1780, July 11
Commanded by Admiral de Ternay, a fleet carrying some 450 officers and 5,300 French troops under comte de Rochambeau sails into Narragansett Bay in Newport, RI.
1780, July 11
1780, August 16
Battle of Camden, SC.
1780, August 16
1780, September 25
Benedict Arnold's attempt to hand over West Point to British fails.
1780, September 25
1780, October 2
Major John André is hanged in Tappan.
1780, October 2
1780, October 7
Battle of King’s Mountain, SC.
1780, October 7
1780, December 20
Great Britain declares war on the Netherlands.
1780, December 20

1781

1781, January 1
Mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line near Princeton, NJ.
1781, January 1
1781, January 5
Unsuccessful French raid on Jersey Island (English Channel.)
1781, January 5
1781, January 17
Battle of Cowpens, SC.
1781, January 17
1781, January 20-27
Mutiny of the New Jersey Line at Pompton, NJ.
1781, January 20-27
1781, January 30
Maryland is the last state to ratify the Articles of Confederation almost three years after the deadline of March 10, 1778 set by Congress. The Second Continental Congress dissolves and reconvenes as the Congress of the Confederation.
1781, January 30
1781, February 3
British capture island of Saint Eustatius/Statia from Dutch.
1781, February 3
1781, March 15
Battle of Guilford Courthouse, NC.
1781, March 15
1781, March 22
Admiral de Grasse leaves Brest for the West Indies.
1781, March 22
1781, April 4
The frigate Sagittaire together with a convoy of 30 vessels, some of them carrying the replacements for Rochambeau, separates from de Grasse’ fleet and heads for Boston. It carries a letter by de Grasse of 29 March proposing joint military action. She arrives in Boston on 7 June 1781.
1781, April 4
1781, May 10
Rochambeau’s son returns from France.
1781, May 10
1781, June 29
Battle of Spencer’s Ordinary, VA.
1781, June 29
1781, July 6
Battle of Green Spring, VA.
1781, July 6
1781, September 5
In the Battle off the Capes, French Admiral de Grasse prevents a British fleet from entering the Chesapeake Bay, sealing the fate of Lord Cornwallis in Yorktown.
1781, September 5
1781, September 6
Crown forces under Benedict Arnold burn New London, CT.
1781, September 6
1781, September 8
Battle of Eutaw Springs, SC.
1781, September 8
1781, September 28
Beginning of the siege of Yorktown.
1781, September 28
1781, October 3
Battle of the Hook near Gloucester, VA. Largest cavalry engagement of the War of Independence.
1781, October 3
11781, October 19
Cornwallis surrenders. The Continental Army marches north to its winter quarters in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York in early November. French forces will spend the winter of 1781/82 in Williamsburg, Hampton, Yorktown and Jamestown. Lauzun’s Legion spends spring 1782 in Charlotte Court House.
11781, October 19

1782

1782, March 20
Prime Minister Lord North’s government resigns and is replaced by the ministry of Lord Rockingham.
1782, March 20
1782, July 4
Rochambeau's infantry begins its march from Virginia to Boston.
1782, July 4
1782, July 11
British evacuate Savannah, Georgia.
1782, July 11
1782, July 15
Celebration in Philadelphia for birth of Dauphin.
1782, July 15
1782, August 7
Washington creates the Purple Heart.
1782, August 7
1782, November 30
Preliminaries of Peace are signed in Paris between the United States and Great Britain.
1782, November 30
1782, December 25
Rochambeau's infantry sails out of Boston Harbor for the Caribbean. Lauzun's Legion winters in Wilmington, DE.
1782, December 25

1783

1783, February 4
George III issues Proclamation of Cessation of Hostilities ending the American War of Independence.
1783, February 4
1783, February 5
Sweden recognizes independence of the United States.
1783, February 5
1783, February 6
Spain ends its siege of Gibraltar.
1783, February 6
1783, February 10
Rochambeau arrives in Saint-Nazaire.
1783, February 10
1783, April 4/5
De jure end of hostilities in the territory of the United States Based upon the stipulations of the “Declaration Signed in Paris by the American Commissioners” of 20 January 1783.
1783, April 4/5
1783, April 11
Congress issues proclamation announcing cessation of Hostilities between the US and Great Britain on the territory of the United States.
1783, April 11
1783, April 15
Congress ratifies 30 November 1782 preliminaries of peace.
1783, April 15
1783, April 16
Peace is proclaimed in Philadelphia.
1783, April 16
1783, April 19
Washington informs his troops that hostilities have ended.
1783, April 19
1783, May 11
Lauzun's Legion sails out of Wilmington for France.
1783, May 11
1783, May 18
United Empire Loyalists reach Canada.
1783, May 18
1783, September 3
Second Treaty of Paris ends American War of Independence. Great Britain acknowledges the independence of the USA.
1783, September 3
1783, October 5
A final transport of 85 French soldiers leaves Baltimore for Europe.
1783, October 5
1783, November 25
Crown forces evacuate New York City.
1783, November 25
1783, December 23
George Washington resigns as commander in chief.
1783, December 23

1784

1784, January 14
Congress meeting in Annapolis ratifies the Treaty of Paris.
1784, January 14
1784, February 23
Rhode Island legislature passes Negro Emancipation Act giving freedom to all children born after March 1, 1784 to slave mothers. Enslaved African-Americans and Native Americans remain slaves.
1784, February 23
1784, April 9
Parliament in London ratifies the Treaty of Paris. The exchange of the ratified treaties takes place on 12 May 1784.
1784, April 9
1784, June 2
Congress dissolves the Continental Army.
1784, June 2
1784, June 3
Congress creates the United States Army.
1784, June 3

1785

1785, July 4
Bristol, RI holds first annual Independence Day Parade.
1785, July 4

1786

1786, May 17
Congress ratifies the "Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the King of Prussia, and the United States of America". The first treaty concluded between the US and a foreign power, it remained in effect until 6 April 1917.
1786, May 17

1787

1787, July 13
Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance.
1787, July 13
1787, May
Former Virginia slaves freed by Lord Dunmore arrive in Sierra Leone.
1787, May
1787, May 13
Eleven ships carrying convicts leaves England for New South Wales, Australia where they arrive on 26 January 1788.
1787, May 13
1787, May 25
Constitutional Convention assembles in Philadelphia.
1787, May 25
1787, December 7
Delaware is the first state to ratify the Constitution.
1787, December 7

1788

1787, 21 June
New Hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify the Constitution. With this ratification the constitution officially goes into force.
1787, 21 June
1788, September 13
The Continental Congress, which still functioned at irregular intervals passes a resolution to put the new Constitution into operation.
1788, September 13

1789

1789, February 4
George Washington is elected President of the United States.
1789, February 4
1789, March 2
Last meeting of the Tenth Congress of the Confederation.
1789, March 2
1789, April 30
George Washington is sworn in as First President.
1789, April 30

1790

1790, 29 May
Rhode Island is the last of the 13 original states to ratify the United States Constitution.
1790, 29 May