Timeline of the Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail in the State of Connecticut

January

Feburary

March

1781, March 2
Washington departs from New Windsor with Major General Robert Howe and his aides Tench Tilghman and David Humphries to meet with Rochambeau in Newport.
1781, March 2
1781, March 3
Washington spends the night at the home of Col. Andrew Morehouse of Dutchess County on the Fishkill-Hopewell road, near the Connecticut State line.
1781, March 3
1781, March 4
Washington meets up with Governor Jonathan Trumbull and his son Jonathan Jr. in Hartford. Washington and the younger Trumbull continue on to Lebanon where they spend the night.
1781, March 4
1781, March 6
Washington arrives in Newport.
1781, March 6
1781, March 15
Coming from a meeting with Rochambeau in Newport, Washington and his military family leave Providence and ride to Lebanon in Connecticut via Canterbury, Scotland and Windham, traveling more than 60 miles on horseback.
1781, March 15
1781, March 16
Washington leaves Lebanon for Hartford.
1781, March 16
1781, March 18
Leaves Hartford for New Windsor.
1781, March 18
1781, March 20
Washington is back in New Windsor.
1781, March 20

April

1781, April 5
Admiral de Grasse leaves Brest for the Caribbean.
1781, April 5

May

1781, May 6
Rochambeau's son returns from France with cash and the news that the second division would not be coming after all.
1781, May 6
1781, May 18
Washington leaves New Windsor for Wethersfield. He spends the night at Morgan’s tavern, 43 miles from Fishkill, NY.
1781, May 18
1781, May 19
Rochambeau and Chastellux leave Newport for Wethersfield. Washington arrives in Wethersfield accompanied by Henry Knox and Presle Duportail; lodges in the home of Joseph Webb.
1781, May 19
1781, May 19
Rochambeau and Chastellux leave Newport for Wethersfield.

Washington arrives in Wethersfield accompanied by Henry Knox and Presle Duportail; lodges in the home of Joseph Webb.
1781, May 19
1781, May 20
Rochambeau and Chastellux spend the night at Daniel “White’s Tavern at the Sign of the Black Horse” in Andover.
1781, May 20
1781, May 21
Rochambeau and Chastellux arrive in Wethersfield and lodge at Stillmann's Tavern.
1781, May 21
1781, May 22
Washington and Rochambeau meet at Wethersfield to discuss strategy. They decide to focus on New York City.
1781, May 22
1781, May 23
Rochambeau and Chastellux spend the night in Wethersfield.
1781, May 23
1781, May 24
Rochambeau and Chastellux spend the night at Daniel “White’s Tavern at the Sign of the Black Horse” in Andover.

Washington leaves Hartford and spends the night in Litchfield.
1781, May 24
1781, May 25
Rochambeau and Chastellux spend the night in Providence.

Washington arrives in New Windsor at about sunset.
1781, May 25
1781, May 26
Rochambeau and Chastellux return to Newport.
1781, May 26

June

1781, June 13
Lieutenant-Colonel Hugau of Lauzun’s Legion receives orders to march from Providence to Lebanon on Saturday, 16 June, with the 31 healthy replacements for the Legion from the Royal Barrois due to arrive that day from Boston.
1781, June 13
1781, June 14
The infantry and artillery of Lauzun’s Legion leave Providence and spend the nights of 14/15 June in Plainfield, and of 16/17 June in Windham. They arrive in Lebanon on 17 June.
1781, June 14
1781, June 16
Lieutenant-Colonel Hugau leaves Providence for Lebanon.
1781, June 16
1781, June 17
Coming from Providence, Hugau quarters in Plainfield.
1781, June 17
1781, June 18
Coming from Plainfield, Hugau quarters in Windham.
1781, June 18
1781, June 19
Coming from Windham, Hugau arrives in Lebanon.

For the march to New York Rochambeau organized his forces into four divisions of one infantry regiment each plus its artillery complement and wagon train. Lauzun’s Legion took a route separate from the infantry that took it along the coast..

The Regiment Bourbonnois as the first French division is the first French unit to cross into Connecticut from Rhode Island on its way to its camp in Plainfield.

The remaining regiments, the Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.
1781, June 19
1781, June 20
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Windham. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.
1781, June 20
1781, June 21
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Bolton. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.

Lauzun’s Legion, some 600 men strong including its infantry supplement which had wintered in Newport, leaves Lebanon for Philippsburg on a route on the left flank of the infantry.

The northern detachment of Lauzun’s Legion encamps just north of Amston on Amston Lake.

The column marching closer to the coast camps at Pine Swamp.
1781, June 21
1781, June 22
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Hartford. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days for three days’ rest each.

The detachment of Lauzun’s Legion coming from Amston Lake camps in Middletown on the west bank of the Connecticut River. 23/24 June 1781 are spent crossing the River.

The column from Pine Swamp marches toward East Haddam. There it crosses the Connecticut River and continues toward the coast through Chester until it enters the Boston Turnpike. It is unknown where they camp on 22, 23, 24, and 25 June.
1781, June 22
1781, June 25
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Farmington. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.

The inland column of Lauzun’s Legion leaves its camp at Middletown for their next camp in Wallingford along East Center Street, Scard and Northford.
1781, June 25
1781, June 26
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps at Barnes Tavern in Marion/ Southington. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.

Lauzun’s Legion unites at a camp in New Haven.
1781, June 26
1781, June 27
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Break Neck, today’s Middletown. The other three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.

Lauzun’s Legion marches from New Haven to Derby/Oxford. In Derby the Legion was encamped on or near Sentinel Hill in East Derby, now a part of the City of Derby. In 1781 the area now called East Derby was a small port town at the confluence of the Naugatuck River and the Housatonic.
1781, June 27
1781, June 28
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Newtown for three days rest. The remaining three regiments, Royal Deux-Ponts, Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow over the next three days.

As it leaves Derby the Legion divided again: some of Lauzun's men cross the Housatonic Rivers with the help of the scow and march southwest through Ripton to North Stratford and North Fairfield to Ridgefield. They spend the night in North Stratford.

A second detachment marches northwest and crosses the Housatonic about 2 1/2 miles north of its confluence with the Naugatuck and then continued due west to Redding and New Stratford to Ridgefield. The column camps in Redding.

A note on place names: Ripton Society was established in 1717, North Stratford Society in 1744. In 1797, North Stratford was incorporated as Trumbull. New Stratford was created from parts of Ripton and North Stratford in 1762.

In January 1789, Ripton and New Stratford united to form the Town of Huntington. In May 1823, the Society of New Stratford was allowed to separate from the Town of Huntington again and was incorporated as the Town of Monroe.
1781, June 28
1781, June 29
The Regiment Bourbonnois camps in Newtown. The Royal Deux-Ponts arrives, the Soissonnnois will arrive on 30 June and Saintonge on 1 July.

One detachment of Lauzun’s Legion camps in North Stratford, the other in Redding.
1781, June 29
1781, June 30
The Regiments Bourbonnois and Royal Deux-Ponts camp in Newton. The Soissonnnois arrives around noon, the Saintonge will arrive on 1 July.

The re-united Legion camps in Ridgefield.
1781, June 30

July

1781, July 1
Rochambeau re-organizes his troops into two-regiment brigades. The First Brigade, i.e. the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts marches to New Castle, today’s Mt. Kisko. They camp in Bedford near the lake in the triangle formed by Seminary, Court, and Poundridge Roads.
1781, July 1
1781, July 2
The First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and Royal Deux-Ponts camp in New Castle/Mt. Kisko. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge marches to its camp in Ridgebury.

Continental Army leaves on a night march for an attack on Morrisania. It reaches Valentine’s Hill around sunrise on 3 July.

Lauzun's Legion joined Rochambeau and his First Brigade on the march to Bedford Village. Here Lauzun's troops rested briefly before taking off to join with General Benjamin Lincoln for a night attack on Morrisania.

Following SR 22, the Old Post Road, past Wampus Lake through Armonk south through East Chester and West Chester, Lauzun's troops are late in reaching Morrisania at the juncture of the Harlem and East Rivers in the morning of July 3. The attack fails.
1781, July 2
1781, July 3
The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge marches from Ridgebury to a camp near the junction of Routes 117 and 172 in Mount Kisco.

Here it joins the troops of the First Brigade which had marched there earlier that day.

Following a brief encounter with De Lancey's Loyalists, Lauzun withdraws to Valentine's Hill and camps on East Chester Road.

Washington spends the day reconnoitering Crown Forces.
1781, July 3

August

September

1781, September 6
Crown forces under Benedict Arnold burn New London.
1781, September 6
1780, September 18
Rochambeau and Admiral de Ternay set out from Newport at around 9:00 a.m. to meet Washington in Hartford, CT. They spend the night with Lt.-Gov. Jabez Bowen in Providence.

Washington leaves West Point for Hartford.
1780, September 18
1780, September 19
A broken wheel forces Rochambeau and de Ternay to spend the night in an unknown Tavern in Scotland.

Washington spends the night at an unknown location.
1780, September 19
1780, September 20
Rochambeau and Ternay take lodgings in the home of Jeremiah Wadsworth in Hartford.

Washington arrives in Hartford.
1780, September 20
1780, September 21
Hartford Conference between Rochambeau and Washington.
1780, September 21
1780, September 22
Another broken wheel at the same spot as on 19 September forces Rochambeau and de Ternay to again spend the night in an unknown Tavern in Scotland.
1780, September 22
1780, September 23
Rochambeau and Admiral de Ternay spend the night with Lt.- Gov. Jabez Bowen in Providence.

Washington leaves Hartford and spends the night in Litchfield.
1780, September 23
1780, September 24
Washington reaches Fishkill where he meets French Ambassador the chevalier de la Luzerne. They spend the night in Fishkill.
1780, September 24
1780, September 25
Rochambeau and Admiral de Ternay return to Newport at around 7:00 p.m.

Washington returns to West Point where he learns of the treason of Benedict Arnold.
1780, September 25

October

1780, October 19
Rochambeau inquires of Governor Jonathan Trumbull about the possibility of quartering the Legion in Connecticut.
1780, October 19
1780, October 23
The legislature agrees to provide quarters for the legion in Lebanon and in Colchester.
1780, October 23
1782, October 23
In preparation for the march to the northward Rochambeau had divided his forces in Virginia into five divisions of one regiment each which marched one day apart. That structure was maintained until the arrival of the Second Division, i.e., the Bourbonnois Regiment, in Trenton on 3 September 1782.

For the march from there to Massachusetts, Rochambeau reorganized his forces again into two brigades with the Bourbonnois and Royal Deux-Ponts Regiments forming the First Brigade and the Soissonnois and Saintonge Regiments as the Second Brigade.

Lauzun’s Legion does not join the infantry regiments on their march to Boston. It marches instead from New York to winter quarters in Wilmington, Delaware.

Coming from North Salem the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camps in Danbury. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follows the next day.
1782, October 23
1782, October 24
Coming from Danbury the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camps in Newtown. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follows the next day. Both brigades have a day of rest.
1782, October 24
1782, October 26
Coming from Newtown the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camps in Breakneck. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follows the next day.
1782, October 26
1782, October 27
Coming from Breakneck the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camps at Joshua Barnes’ Tavern. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Sossonnnois and Saintonge follows the next day.
1782, October 27
1782, October 28
Coming from Barnes’ Tavern the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux- Ponts camp in Farmington. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day.
1782, October 28
1782, October 29
Coming from Farmington the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camp in Hartford. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day. Here the Regiments rest until 3 November.
1782, October 29

November

1782, November 3
Marching one day ahead of the infantry, the campaign artillery leaves for Bolton.
1782, November 3
1782, November 4
Coming from Hartford the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camp in Bolton. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day.
1782, November 4
1782, November 5
Coming from Bolton the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camp in Windham. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day.
1782, November 5
1782, November 7
Coming from Windham the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camp in Canterbury. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day. The Regiments have a day of rest.
1782, November 7
1782, November 8
Coming from Canterbury the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux-Ponts camp near Dorrance’ Tavern. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day.
1782, November 8
1782, November 9
Coming from Dorrance Tavern the French First Brigade consisting of the Regiments Bourbonnois and the Royal Deux- Ponts camp near Waterman’s Tavern in Rhode Island. The Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge follow the next day.
1782, November 9
1780, November 9
The hussars of Lauzun’s Legion leave Newport for Providence.
1780, November 9
1782, November 10
Second Brigade consisting of the Regiments Soissonnnois and Saintonge marches to Waterman’s Tavern in Rhode Island. The last French forces have left Connecticut.
1782, November 10
1780, November 12
Coming from Providence the hussars arrive in Windham.
1780, November 12
1780, November 12-19
The hussars are quartered in Windham.
1780, November 12-19
1780, November 20
Coming from Windham the hussars arrive in Lebanon.
1780, November 20

December

1782, December 1
Rochambeau, his son, the comte de Vauban and the comte de Lauberdière leave Providence. Traveling via Angel's Tavern the group spends the night at Dorrance' Tavern in Connecticut. Canterbury, Windham, Bolton, Hartford, Farmington and Litchfield take them to Moorhouse Tavern in Dutchess County. He reaches Newburgh on 7 December. The individual stopping places for 2/3, 3/4, 4/5 and 5/6 December are unknown.
1782, December 1
1780, December 26
Jacques Sauker, age 25, of the Second Squadron of Hussars is executed for attempted desertion by firing squad in Lebanon.

Some time during the winter of 1782/83 a quarantine camp for French soldiers infected with smallpox is established in Coventry. Seven men are said to have died there.
1780, December 26